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Tarsila do Amaral

(1886 - 1937)

Tarsila do Amaral, better known to the world as Tarsila, was a Brazilian artist who gave Latin American art a new direction. She was the strong woman who lived life on her own terms and conditions. Whether it was her work or her personal life — she always overcame limitations to follow her heart. Born in late nineteenth century into a planter family, she had her initial training in academic art. Later at the age of thirty she had her first exposure to modernist art through the works of Anita Malfatti. Three years later, she moved to Paris, where she was exposed to Cubism, Futurism, and Expressionism. Her experience in Paris also induced her to delve deeply into her Brazilian roots, igniting in her desire to be known as a Brazilian artist. On returning home, she started touring the countryside, rediscovering the vibrant colors of her land. Very soon she started portraying Brazilian landscape and imagery, synthesizing Brazilian elements with Cubism. Later she moved to surrealism. Her 1928 painting ‘Abaporu’ was instrumental in the formation of the Antropofagia Movement and was an inspiration behind Andrade's famous "Manifesto Antropófago". In later years she became socially more conscious, depicting social issues through her works.

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