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Victor Brecheret

(1984 - 1955)

Brazilian sculptor, born in Viterbo (Italy), or in Sao Paulo, according to others, in 1894, and died in São Paulo on December 17, 1955. He/She was instrumental in the Brazilian modernism, forming the background of the "week of the 22", landmark historical in the impulse of modernism in his country. Unlike many other Brazilian Modernists, Brecheret was of humble origin. Orphaned of mother, arrived in Sao Paulo with his maternal uncles. He/She worked in a shoe store during the day, to attend the evening classes of the Lyceum of Arts and crafts of São Paulo. With great economic sacrifice, his uncle sent him to Rome in 1913, but due to their poor training, it was not admitted at the Academy of fine arts. Rather, during those years he/she was received as a disciple of Arturo Dazzi, the most famous Italian sculptor of the time. In Rome, he/she opened his first workshop in 1915, winning first prize in the exhibition of the "Amatori and together", with the awakening sculpture. Returned to Brazil in 1919, it was discovered by young modernist, that ecstatic with his sculptures, they became a polarizing of the group element. In this environment, he/she made the first model of the monument to the flags. In 1920, he/she presented the House Byington, his sculpture Eve, acquired by the Prefecture of São Paulo. In 1921, he/she received a bag of five studies to expand his training in Paris. In this city he/she remained nearly 15 years, with sporadic trips to Brazil to exhibit their works. There he/she came into contact with great artists such as Fernand Léger, Picasso, Archipenko, or the Brazilian Tarsila do Amaral, Vicente do Rego Monteiro and Antônio Gomide. Also in Paris his work accused the influence of Art Déco, which marked him from 1925. Become an important artist in the French capital, he/she received the title of Knight of the Legion of Honor, and his work group (1932), was acquired by the Jeu de Paume Museum. In the Decade of 1930, he/she participated in the artistic life of Brazil, as a founder of the modern art Pro society (SPAM), and in the halls of may (1937, 1938, and 1939). From the years of 1940, he/she joined his national and indigenous motifs in more and more organic and essential forms. Brecheret participated in the XXV and XXVI Binenales di Venezia (1950-1952), and the first biennial of São Paulo, receiving the award for best national sculptor in 1951. His work is present in public, decorative and funerary monuments of facades, as the monument to the flags, which today is one of the symbols of the city of São Paulo. Some of his most notable works are: Christ and stations of the cross, in the chapel of the Hospital of clinics of São Paulo; Facade and Interior of the Jockey Club de São Paulo; fresh from three Graces and San Francisco, in Osasco.  Paulo), etc.

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